After the emergence of the Covid-19 outbreak in the hemisphere, the education system began looking for innovation in the teaching and learning process.
Every institution is also required to provide the latest innovations to shape this highly effective learning process. Unfortunately, not all educational institutions seem to understand well about the latest innovations that must be used to carry out learning during a pandemic. Most of them are still unable to adjust it because of constraints on facilities and infrastructure.
Don’t worry just yet, for those of you who are still confused about finding the latest learning model that is right for your students. Some experts are already discussing suitable learning methods during this pandemic. What are the learning methods?
1. Project-Based Learning
This project-based learning method was initiated by the implications of the Minister of Education and Culture Circular No. 4 of 2020. This project-based learning has the main objective of providing training to students to be more able to collaborate, work together, and empathize with others.
According to the Minister of Education and Culture, this project-based learning method is very effective in applying to students by forming small study groups to work on projects, experiments, and innovations. This learning method is very suitable for students who are in the yellow or green zone. By carrying out this learning method, of course, you must also pay attention to the applicable health protocol.
2. Online Method
To get around this unfavorable situation, online methods can be an effective way of dealing with it. Reporting from Kumparan, Kemendikbud revealed that online methods can overcome problems that occur during this pandemic.
This method apparently allows students to make good use of existing facilities at home. Like creating content using items around the house or doing all learning activities through the online system.
Well, this online method is very suitable for students who are in the red zone. By using a full online method like this, the learning system that is delivered will continue and all students remain at their respective homes in a safe condition.
3. Offline Method
Offline refers to the learning model that is carried out outside the network. In that sense, this one lesson is carried out face-to-face by paying attention to the zoning and applicable health protocols. This method is perfect for students in the yellow or green zone, especially with the strict new normal protocol.
In this method, students will be taught in turns to avoid crowds. This offline learning model was suggested by the Minister of Education and Culture to fulfill the curriculum simplification during this emergency period.
This method is designed to get around the delivery of the curriculum so that it is not complicated when it is delivered to students. In addition, this learning program is also considered good enough for those who do not have the supporting facilities and infrastructure for the online system.
4. Home Visit Method
As with other methods, home visits are an option in the learning method during this pandemic. This method is similar to teaching and learning activities that are delivered during homeschooling. So, the teacher conducts a home visit at the student’s house for a certain time.
This method was suggested by the Head of Partnership which is very suitable for students who do not have the opportunity to get a suitable set of technology. Thus, the material that will be given to students can be conveyed well. Because the subject matter and the existence of the assignment given can be carried out well.
5. Integrated Curriculum
This learning method was delivered by a member of the Commission. Quoted from JPNN.com, the former Chancellor of the University Welsh said that learning would be more effective when referring to the project base. In which, each class will be given a project that is relevant to the related subject.
This learning method does not only involve one subject but also links other learning methods. By applying this method, in addition to students who collaborate in working on projects, other lecturers are also given the opportunity to hold team teaching with lecturers in other subjects.
The integrated curriculum can be applied to all students in all regions because this method will be applied to an online system. So the implementation of the integrated curriculum is considered very safe for students.
6. Blended Learning
The blended learning method is a method that uses two approaches at once. In a sense, this method uses an online as well as a face-to-face system through video conference. So, even though students and teachers do remote learning, they can still interact with each other.
Yane revealed that the blended learning method is one of the methods that are considered effective for improving the cognitive abilities of students.
In fact, this method has begun to be designed and applied in the early 21st century. However, along with the outbreak of the Covid-19 outbreak, this method is being studied more deeply because it is considered to be a suitable learning method for students in Indonesia.